The new working method for the final phase of negotiations [fr]
In a plenary session on Saturday 5 December, Laurent Fabius, President of COP21, set out the working method chosen for the new week of negotiations at ministerial level.
Implementation of the “Comité de Paris” (“Paris Committee”), an open-ended single-setting group to conduct informal consultations. “The objective of these consultations will be to make progress on the text of the agreement and to facilitate compromise.The work of this group should lead to a draft agreement and draft decisions, which will then be forwarded to the COP for adoption on December, 11, in strict conformity with procedures.”
Each delegation can be represented “at whatever level it wishes”. The Paris Committee will meet once per day, and more if necessary. Should he be unable to attend, COP21 President Laurent Fabius will be represented by Laurence Tubiana.
“This group will work in accordance with three principles. First, nothing will be agreed until everything is agreed. The second is the principle of inclusiveness. And the third principle is transparency: As an unprecedented provision in the process, I believe, the discussions in the group will be broadcast on the screens of the conference site, unless the Committee decides otherwise, to allow everyone to follow the discussions and directions taken.”
The Committee “will determine the time at which text will be transmitted to a legal and linguistic review group, which I also propose to establish. This review is necessary to forward a final text to the COP in a timely manner.”
Four informal working groups will be set up on cross-cutting issues whose resolution is key to reaching an agreement :
- First group: Support: means of implementation (finance, technology, capacity building).
- Second Group: Differentiation, in particular with regard to mitigation, finance, transparency.
- Third Group: Ambition, including long-term goals and periodic review.
- Fourth group: Acceleration of pre-2020 Action, Workstream 2 excluding pre-2020 finance.
COP21 President Laurent Fabius asked 14 Ministers to act as facilitators and “to conduct, on behalf of the Presidency, informal consultations on these issues”. Further informations about the ministers.
The first meeting of the Paris Committee will take place on Monday 7 December in “La Seine” plenary room (7-9 p.m.), at which the facilitators will set out their initial conclusions. “After this exercise, the policy directions we would have agreed on will be translated into concrete text proposals. The group will mandate facilitators to prepare a draft text on the elements for which they are responsible” said Laurent Fabius.
A legal and linguistic review group will be set up, open to all Parties, and based on a team of 11 people (2 from each of the five United Nations Regional Groups and one representative from the Small Island Developing States). It will be chaired by two Co-Chairs. “This is to ensure that the text is clear in legal and linguistic terms, including between the versions in the six official languages, and to ensure that there is full coherence and consistency between provisions in and across articles.”
“The legal and linguistic group shall present the results of its review, including recommendations in relation to the text of the agreement to the central group for consideration by latest Thursday, December 10. The recommendations that will be accepted by the Paris Committee will be incorporated in the text of the agreement to be submitted to the COP on Friday, December 11”.
Finally, the COP21 President will draw up “regular progress reports as part of the COP plenary sessions”.